The land on which today is located the Hotel Nacional de Cuba, were part of the area in the early colonial centuries Monte Vedado was called due to a government decree Spanish forbidding in this area paths to the beach to be opened: This is why one of the rooms is named 'Vedado Room'.
The constant attacks by pirates and then the taking of Havana by the English, forced Spain to building various protection and defense towers, batteries, and in these areas (which now occupy the gardens of the Hotel) was located Battery Santa Clara, being declared together with the historical center of Old Havana, a World Heritage Site in 1982 by UNESCO. This defense system, currently exhibited in the garden two guns: the 'Krupp' and 'Ordóñez,' the latter being the world's largest cannon in his time.
The hill on which is built the Hotel, was known as the 'hill of Taganana' which refers to the name that was known for centuries the famous cave that exists under the foundations of the Hotel, and which is named 'Sala Taganana' to another elegant lounges.
At the end of the second decade of the twentieth century it was decided to begin construction of a luxury hotel. Two American firms were responsible for implementing the plans and concluded the majestic building in barely 14 months.
The Hotel shows in an eclectic style architecture, where they are present, the Art Deco, with characteristics of the Spanish architecture - Moorish and Neoclassical and what Neocolonial. Details of the Californian atmosphere of centuries ago are also shown, this has made the Hotel is the most interesting and outstanding in the Caribbean region as a single sample of many architectural trends.
On the night of December 30, 1930, was inaugurated Hotel Nacional de Cuba. Distinguished personalities of the era came to the Ball Room, where the opening ceremony took effect.
Important events occurring in the Hotel Nacional de Cuba
On October 2, 1933 the shelling occurs at National Hotel of Cuba, the quartered in the Official Hotel of the elite army of ousted President Gerardo Machado, due to the revolt of junior officers, including Batista, against privileges senior officers.
In this decade were hotel guests: Johnny Weissmuller (Tarzan), Edward VIII (Prince of Wales), Jack Dempsey, Tom Mix, José Mojica, Buster Keaton, Emilio Roig, Rita Montaner, José Raúl Capablanca, Tito Guizart, Trio Matamoros, Nico Saquito, Errol Flynn, among others.
In 1945 the International Air Transport Conference takes place, with the participation of delegates from the airlines in the world, founding the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
In February 1946 visit Cuba and staying at the apartment of the Republic Mr. Winston Churchill, receiving protocol attention of the government of Cuba.
In December 1946 the great meeting of the mafia occurs, the Hotel Nacional de Cuba closes its doors to host the most prominent leaders of the Mafia families in the United States meeting in Havana, attended the meeting mobsters Lucky Luciano Charles Santos Trafficante (father), Meyer Lansky and Amadeo Barletta, these coordinated with Batista future business of casinos.
Avalanche Continues personalities to the Hotel Nacional de Cuba: George Raft, Amanda Ledesma, Betty Grable, Rómulo Gallegos, María Félix, Jorge Negrete, Pedro Vargas, the Dukes of Windsor, Karol II of Romania, Mario Moreno (Cantinflas), Tyron Power, Rita Hayworth, Ali-Khan, Ernest Hemingway, Fred Astaire, Trio Los Panchos, Ernesto Lecuona, Hugo del Carril, Germán Valdés (Tin Tan), Snowball, Cesar Romero and Gary Cooper.
The US administration denied lodging at the hotel to Josephine Baker and Nat King Cole, because no black guests, then in 1957 admitted to Nat King Cole performed here as a guest and unforgettable music downloads are allowed.
Can also be noted the following guests and visitors: Nelson Rockefeller, Frank Sinatra, Ava Gardner, Sir Alexander Flemming, Arturo de Cordova, Agustín Lara Brothers Iturbide, Ferruccio Burco, Pedro Armendáriz, Spencer Tracy, Marlon Brando, Pablo Casal, Lucho Gatica, John Wayne, Mickey Mantle, Stan Musial, Leopoldo and Baudouin of Belgium, Walt Disney, Sara Montiel, the Chavales of Spain, Libertad Lamarque, Porfirio Rubirosa, Esther Borja, Lola Flores.
In 1956 the Cabaret Parisien was inaugurated by Eartha Kitt and among the voices that have enlivened are those of Vic Damone, Nat King Cole, René Cabel, Esther Borjas quartet Modernists, Yma Sumac, with excellent animation of Mario Martinez Married most recently Las D'Aida, La Orquesta Aragon, Orquesta Jorrín, Compay Segundo and Alberto Herrero among many who have given life to the nights of National.
In the Hotel Nacional de Cuba a revolutionary cell of July 26 Movement (M-26-7) led by Fidel Castro is created.
On January 1, 1959, the Cuban Revolution triumphs. Representatives of the American company that operated the Hotel abandon, management is assumed by the employees themselves.
From 1960 to 1961 the revolutionary government of Cuba reorganizes management Hotel. El Comandante Osmani Cienfuegos is responsible for leading this task.
A change is perceived in the form of tourism, Cuban guests come as a result of the transformations of the revolutionary process in the Hotel was founded in October 1960, the National Revolutionary Militias and the Committees for the Defense of the Revolution. In January 1961, Commander in Chief Fidel Castro Ruz is the School for mountain peasant 'Ana Betancourt' who came to study dressmaking to the capital, which stayed in the hotel, plus a group of hotel workers was mobilized during the mercenary Bay of Pigs invasion on April 16, 1961.
They frequently visited the Hotel Celia Sanchez in order to monitor the school, Commander Camilo Cienfuegos and Ernesto Che Guevara during chess tournaments.
The October Crisis or missile occurs in October 1962. Are stationed on the mound antiaircraft Hotel, and built walled trenches beneath their gardens, constituting an engineering major.
The first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin world staying.
Guests are: Jean Paul Sartre, Simon de Bouvoir, Josephine Baker, and act in the cabaret Snowball, Esther Borja, among others.
International tourism resumed from 1974.
They are guests of the Hotel: Alejo Carpentier, Wilfredo Lam, Gabriel García Márquez and Mario Benedetti.
The Hotel is home to the Villa Journalistic VI of the Non-Aligned Summit.
In December 1979 the activities of the 1st International Festival of New Latin American Cinema, remaining until now held.
In 1982 UNESCO declared World Heritage Old Havana and the system of fortifications of the city, being part of the latter Garden cannons that were part of the former Bank of Santa Clara.
In 1989 the hotel was closed for a general restoration of the same, recognized as a jewel of Cuban hotels. The hotel reopened in 1992.
The hotel is visited by Geraldine Chaplin, Danielle Mitterrand, Harry Belafonte, Manuel Vázquez Rañas, Pierre Cardin, Paco Rabane, Michelle Legrand, Robert de Niro, Arnold Schwazeneger, Diego Armando Maradona, Alicia Alonso, Ana Belen, Victor Manuel, Francis Ford Coppola Mohamed Ali, lmanol Arias, Rubens Falce, Adriana Estevez, Klaus Maria Brandauer, Victoria Abril, Henry Aaron, Javier Sotomayor, Teofilo Stevenson, Danny Glover, Soraya, former empress of Iran.
In 1994 the Hotel Nacional de Cuba is considered the Insignia Hotel Gran Caribe Hotel Group.
In 1998 the first historical rooms, where Maria Felix, Ava Gardner, Johnny Weissmuller (Tarzan), and Jorge Negrete stayed were opened.
Kate Moss and Naomi Campbell (black model best paid in Europe): In 1998 Alejandro Vargas, one of the sons of famed singer Pedro Vargas, the Top Model staying.
In 1998 the Hotel was declared a National Monument by the National Monuments Commission, due to its architectural values, the link with the history of Cuba, by the personalities who visit and international events that has hosted. Treasuring heritage values since 1930 as furniture, lamps, wall paintings and antiquated guns on display in the garden.
The Hotel hosted the IX Ibero-American Summit in 1999.
The hotel often hosts events, on average 65 per year, which result in the halls of the hotel: Vedado, Taganana, 1930 or 'Compay Segundo' (was traditionally the site of the concert this member of the Buena Vista Social Club) in the apartment of the Republic (Santi Spiritus Chamber, Baracoa, Trinidad and Puerto Principe), highlighting the International Festival of New Latin American Cinema, the wine festival, the Festival of Jazz, Tributes to Orchestras, Concerts, International Symposium on Tropical Fruit Culture , International Summer School Law (Lawyers) Auctions sculptures, Congress of the Latin American Design Association, International Congress on Satisfactory Longevity, activities of the International Fair of Havana and Tourism, Business Meeting between countries or forum for business, events, Ministry of Public Health, the MIC, International Seminar Parlatino's, gala dinners, receptions and presentations credentials of embassies. As headquarters of the South-South Summit (2000) of the Sixth Summit Desertification and Drought (2003), and VI of the Non-Aligned Countries (2006).
Numerous personalities (presidents of countries, 1st ministers, other political and social leaders, important filmmakers, nobel prize, scientists, athletes artists) have distinguished themselves with their presence, including:
In 2000, Mr. R. Hugo Chavez, President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela; Bouterflika Abdelaziz, President of the Democratic Republic of Algeria; Rev. Lucius Walker, creadro and organizer of the caravans 'Pastors for Peace'; Rev. Joan Brown Campbell, former Executive Secretary of the National Council of Churches USA accompanied by Gregory Craig, American lawyer who played a major role in the return to Cuba of the kidnapped boy, Elián González; Daniel Boremboim, famous concert; Joan Manuel Serrat, Spanish singer.
In 2000 it was repaired and reopened the Cabaret Parisien.
In 2001 and 2004 the Awards Gala Better Athletes Latin is made.
In 2001 Jiang Zemin, President of the People's Republic of China is staying; Ms. Nadja Neptula, President of the Inter-Summit; Joan Brown, American Reverend; Favio Assuncao, Brazilian actor; Benicio del Toro; Hollywood actor; Fito Paez, Argentine musician; Jonathan Demme and Kevin Costner, American film directors, besides the filmmakers of the movie '13 days' directed by him.
In 2001 he was awarded the Flag of the City and the Giraldilla, the highest distinction awarded by the city.
In 2002 the members of the Backstreet Boys, Yudie Foster, Oliver Stone and Steven Spielberg, actors and directors of American cinema stayed; Sara Montiel, Spanish actress; Celia Sandys, granddaughter of Winston Churchill; Vilma Espín, President of the Federation of Cuban Women; The president of the Italian region of Lombardy, Roberto Formigoniel; President of ASTA (American Association of Tourism), President of the Basque Government.
In 2003 visited the Hotel Rigoberta Menchú, Nobel Peace Prize and Mr. Luis Ignacio Lula da Silva, President of the Federative Republic of Brazil.
In 2004 the Club of the 120 years old, chaired by Dr. Eugenio Selman is constituted.
In 2004 Hu Jintao President of the People's Republic of China is staying, during and Investment Forum Cuba Trade Chino.
The Mafia, the kin Nat Cole, the Compay Segundo, of Ava Gardner and Frank Sinatra and Errol Flynn: In 2004 other historic rooms were opened.
Hosted the 2006 Summit of Non-Aligned Countries, chaired by Coffi Anan, President of the UN, visited the Hotel many presidents including: Evo Morales, President of Bolivia, Nicaragua Tomas Borges.
In 2009 many Latin American presidents visiting the Hotel, as Rafael Correa, President of Ecuador; Michelle Bachelet, President of Chile; Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, President of Argentina; Martín Torrijos, President of Panama; Álvaro Colom, President of Guatemala; Leonel Fernández Reina, President of Dominican Republic; other personalities such as Margaret Chan, Director General of the World Health Organization, American actor Peter Coyote; Juan Esteban Aristizabal (Juanes) and Olga Tanon, Participants in the concert Peace Without Borders; Frei Betto, Brazilian writer and ideologue; Members of the North American Group 'Kool the Gang'.
In 2010 highlights Bill Richardson, Governor of New Mexico; Bashar Al Assad, President of Syria; Mr. Vicente Álvarez Areces, President of the Principality of Asturias; Zhores Ivanovich Alferov and David Gross, Nobel Prizes; His Highness Sheikh Nasser Al-Mohammad Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Prime Minister of the State of Kuwait; Gedleyihlekisa Jacob Zuma, President of South Africa; Nikita Mikhalkov, Russian film; Alvaro Torres, Salvadoran singer and songwriter.
In 2011 they were guests of Hotel James Carter, former President of the United States of America; Gil Bellows, Canadian actor and film director Gravity Pull, filmed at the hotel; Claudia Palacios, host of CNN in Spanish; Sultan Kosen, the world's tallest man, winness record; Danny Glover, American film director and advocate for the cause of the five Cubans imprisoned in the United States; Peter Agre, Nobel Prize in Chemistry; Viktor Yushchenko, President of Ukraine; Gerrit Schotte Fransisco, Prime Minister of Curacao; Xi Jinping, Vice President of the People's Republic of China; Souleymane Cissé, Malian filmmaker; Alan Robock, American scientist, among others.
In the year 2012 stayed at the Hotel other personalities such as Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran; Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan writer and intellectual; Salman Khan, Indian actor, Walter Martinez, director and producer Dossier Venezolana de Television Program; Wade Boggs American major league baseball player; Magglio Ordoñez Delgado, Venezuelan Major League baseball player; Annette Bening, Robert Duvall, James Caan, Bill Murray American actors; Sergei Stepashin, Chairman of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation; Charlet Rose, major presenter newspaper chain CBS; Zucchero Adelmo, a prominent Italian musician and others.
The image of these personalities are presented in the Bar View Gulf, also known as Hall of Fame, with the aim of panoramically show all distinguished guests from 1930 to the present have stayed or visited the hotel.
Since 1997 it has given him the group of hotel workers Flag National Vanguard.
Since 2003 until today the Hotel Nacional de Cuba has won the World Travel Awards in the category 'Hotel Leader of Cuba'. This award is regarded internationally as the 'Oscar' of tourism.
In 2005 it was declared Teaching unit by the School of High Studies of Hospitality and Tourism.
Were jealously preserved as treasures a group of rooms that hosted great figures (Nat King Cole, Compay Segundo, Ava Gardner and Frank Sinatra, Fred Astaire, Maria Felix, Johnny Weissmuller, the mafia, Snowball, Tyron Power, Garry Cooper Agustin Lara, Jorge Negrete, Mario Moreno, Rita Hayworth, Stam Musial, Paul Casal, Errol Flynn), have been declared historical, inside of which photographs and biographical statements are host and objects that have been keep.
This extraordinary story lived by the Hotel Nacional de Cuba, for its customers and employees is shared every day (for more than a decade) through Historic Tours, which are made Monday through Friday at 10:00 am and 4:00 pm and Saturdays at 10:00 am
History Office Hotel Nacional de Cuba
Want to receive news, offers and more to your inbox ...